What is Apprenticeship?
Apprenticeship is a combination of on-the-job training (OJT) and related classroom instruction that takes place under the supervision of a journey-level craft person or trade professional, in which workers learn the practical and theoretical aspects of a highly skilled occupation. Journey-level experience refers to a person who has completed an apprenticeship program or is an experienced worker, not a trainee, and is fully qualified and able to perform a specific trade without supervision.
What is Registered Apprenticeship?
The US Department of Labor defines Registered Apprenticeship as a proven approach for preparing workers for jobs while meeting the needs of business for a highly-skilled workforce. It is an employer-driven, “learn while you earn” model that combines on-the-job training, provided by the employer that hires the apprentice, with job-related instruction in curricula tied to the attainment of national skills standards. The model also involves progressive increases in an apprentice’s skills and wages.
Registered Apprenticeship must include:
Structured On-the-Job Training
Rewards for Skill Gains
Why does it matter?
The apprenticeship model is leading the way in preparing American workers to compete in today’s economy, where middle-skill jobs are in demand. Middle-skill jobs, which require education beyond high school but not a four-year degree, make up the largest part of the labor market in the United States and in California.
All too often, key industries in our country are unable to find enough sufficiently trained workers to fill these jobs. Apprenticeship is a flexible training strategy that can be customized to meet the needs of any business and to keep pace with advancing technologies. Apprentices can be new hires, or businesses can select current employees who need skill upgrades to join the apprenticeship program.
While it is used in traditional industries such as construction and manufacturing, apprenticeship is also instrumental for training and development in growing industries, such as health care, information technology, transportation and logistics, and energy.